GENDER ISSUES AND THE NEEDS FOR EXTENSION SERVICES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF REWARD FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM

Siti Amanah

Abstract


Payment for environmental services (PES) has been initiated by World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) since 2009 in Aceh, West Sumatra, Jambi, Lampung, and West Nusa Tenggara. PES was developed together with community involvement and the role of funding agency (buyer of the services provided). The jargon “PES” can also be represented with Reward for environmental service (RES) to emphasize that community can be awarded for their courages and active participation in caring the environment. RES aims to connect between environmental service providers and their beneficiaries through the flow of environmental services and rewards. There were gender gaps in planning and evaluation phases in implementation of RES and extension services in practice. The gender roles in domestic, productive, and social aspects were influenced by both social and structural aspects. The more gender sensitive RES, the better condition of farming family and environment will be. The government together with the private sector and civil society need to strengthen extension institutions in order to provide RES with a more gender sensitive. Extension institutions can be strengtehed by developing better structure and systems of extension, capacity building for extension personnels, and network to support the community as well as sustaining the RES.

Keywords: payment for environmental services, reward for environmental service, gender, extension institution


Full Text: PDF

Editor in-chief

Dr. Ivanovich Agusta, SP, MSi

Editor:

  • Prof. Dr. Ir. Aida Vitayala Hubeis, MS
  • Prof. Dr. Ir. Sumardjo, MS
  • Prof. Dr. Drs. Endriatmo Soetarto, MA
  • Dr. Ir. Lala M. Kolopaking, MS

Copyrigth (c) Working Paper Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat

Diterbitkan oleh: Sains KPM-IPB Press.

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Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat
Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor